Communicable Disease

A communicable disease is an illness caused by a specific infectious agent or its toxic products. It arises through transmission of that agent or its products from an infected person, animal, or inanimate reservoir to a susceptible host, either directly or indirectly (through an intermediate plant or animal host, vector, or the inanimate environment). Control of disease is the reduction of disease incidence, prevalence, morbidity, or mortality to a locally acceptable level as a result of deliberate efforts; continued intervention measures are required to maintain the reduction.

Lyme Disease although not communicable, Lyme disease can cause health complications if untreated and requires an investigation

Bethlehem Health Bureau is responsible for investigating all reportable diseases of Bethlehem City residents as a requirement of the PA Code Chapter 27, Disease Prevention and Control Law in an effort to reduce diseases, infections and conditions resulting in illness in the community.

Disease outbreaks within the City of Bethlehem are a responsibility of the BHB communicable disease program to investigate and assist in controlling the spread of disease. Some common outbreaks involve Salmonella; a bacteria, norovirus and  influenza;  viruses which spread rapidly.  Common control methods include: proper handwashing and hygiene, proper food preparation and isolation of sick individuals.

Viruses including influenza